Technicians at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida are working to install an adapter that will connect the Orion spacecraft to its rocket for the Artemis I mission around the Moon. This is one of the final major hardware operations for Orion inside the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building prior to integration with the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.

The spacecraft adapter cone (seen at the bottom of the stack pictured above) connects to the bottom of Orion’s service module and will later join another adapter connected to the top of the rocket’s interim cryogenic propulsion stage (ICPS). During the process to install the cone on Orion, the spacecraft is lifted out of the Final Assembly and Systems Testing, or FAST, cell and placed into the Super Station support fixture.

During flight, the SLS rocket separates in multiple stages as it pushes Orion into deep space. After accelerating Orion towards the Moon, the spacecraft will separate from the ICPS and adapter cone using pyrotechnics and springs.

Next up before stacking Orion on the rocket, technicians will install coverings to protect fluid lines and electrical components on the crew module adapter that connects Orion to the service module. Workers also will install the solar array wings that will provide Orion with power, spacecraft adapter jettison fairings that enclose the service module for launch, and the forward bay cover that protects the parachute system.

Orion will fly on the agency’s Artemis I mission – the first in a series of increasingly complex missions to the Moon that will lead to human exploration of Mars. Through the Artemis program, NASA is working to land the first woman and the next man on the Moon by 2024.

美国宇航局佛罗里达肯尼迪航天中心的技术人员正在努力安装一个适配器,该适配器将猎户座飞船与其火箭连接起来,以进行环绕月球阿尔忒弥斯一号任务。在与太空发射系统(SLS)火箭集成之前,这是猎户座飞船在尼尔·阿姆斯特朗操作和检验大楼内的最后主要硬件操作之一。

航天器适配器锥(如上图所示,位于堆栈的底部)连接到猎户座服务模块的底部,随后将连接到另一个连接到火箭临时低温推进台(ICPS)顶部的适配器。在将锥盆安装到猎户座上的过程中,航天器将从最后的组装和系统测试单元中取出,放入超级空间站的支持装置中。

在飞行过程中,SLS火箭将猎户座推入深空时会分成多个阶段。在猎户座向月球加速后,航天器将使用烟火和弹簧与ICPS和转接锥分离。

在将猎户座飞船送入火箭之前,技术人员将在连接猎户座与服务舱的乘员舱适配器上安装保护罩,以保护流体管道和电子元件。工作人员还将安装为猎户座提供动力的太阳能电池组机翼、用于发射服务模块的航天器改进型抛射整流罩,以及保护降落伞系统的前舱盖。

猎户座飞船将在NASA的阿尔忒弥斯1号任务上飞行,这是一系列日益复杂的月球任务中的第一个,这些任务将引导人类探索火星。通过阿尔忒弥斯计划,NASA正努力在2024年之前将第一位女性和下一位男性送上月球。

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