NGC 1566: 韦伯与哈勃的螺旋星系影像


螺旋星系NGC 1566的左上角是哈勃望远镜拍摄的可见光图像,右下角是韦伯望远镜拍摄的红外光图像。一张翻转图像显示了同一个星系,韦伯和哈勃望远镜的部分颠倒了。有关更多详细信息,请参阅说明。

NGC 1566: A Spiral Galaxy from Webb and Hubble
Image Credit & Copyright:
NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, J. Lee (STScI), T. Williams (Oxford), R. Chandar (UToledo), D. Calzetti (UMass), PHANGS Team

Explanation: What’s different about this galaxy? Very little, which makes the Spanish Dancer galaxy, NGC 1566, one of the most typical and photogenic spirals on the sky. There is something different about this galaxy image, though, because it is a diagonal combination of two images: one by the Hubble Space Telescope on the upper left, and the other by the James Webb Space Telescope on the lower right. The Hubble image was taken in ultraviolet light and highlights the locations of bright blue stars and dark dust along the galaxy’s impressive spiral arms. In contrast, the Webb image was taken in infrared light and highlights where the same dust emits more light than it absorbed. In the rollover image, the other two sides of these images are revealed. Blinking between the two images shows which stars are particularly hot because they glow brighter in ultraviolet light, and the difference between seemingly empty space and infrared-glowing dust.

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NGC 1566: 韦伯与哈勃的螺旋星系影像
NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, J. Lee (STScI), T. Williams (Oxford), R. Chandar (UToledo), D. Calzetti (UMass), PHANGS Team

说明: 这个星系有何特殊之处?几乎没有,也因此西班牙舞者星系NGC 1566)是天空中最典型和最上镜头的螺旋星系之一。不过,这幅星系影像倒是有一些特别之处,因为它是两张照片以对角线并接:左上角的来自哈勃太空望远镜,右下角的则是韦伯太空望远镜的照片。摄于紫外光波段的哈勃影像,突显这个星系壮观旋臂上的明亮泛蓝恒星暗色尘埃所在的位置。作为对比、摄于红外光波段的韦伯影像,突显这些相同的尘埃发出的光多于所吸收的。而另一幅切换的影像,则呈现了这些影像其余的半边。于2张影像之间切换,可显示那些恒星在紫外光波段格外明亮,因此特别炽热;此外,还可区别看似空无一物的空间和会散发红外光的尘埃。

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