加尔维斯顿和六月节的开始

The issue of General Order No. 3 by Union troops on June 19, 1865, marked the official end of slavery in Texas and the U.S.

On that Monday, enslaved African Americans in Texas learned of their freedom. That day of liberation became known as Juneteenth, when the Emancipation Proclamation was announced by Union troops in Galveston, Texas.

On Thursday, June 17, 2021, President Joe Biden signed into law legislation making Juneteenth a federal holiday.

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said in this year’s Juneteenth Workforce Message:

“Last year, President Biden signed legislation into law that established June 19 as Juneteenth National Independence Day – a federal holiday. On this day, we reckon with the moral stain of slavery on our country. We reflect on centuries of racial injustice, inequality, and struggle that unfortunately still exist today.

“There is still more work to do, and it is work we must all do. I encourage all members of the NASA family to participate in a Juneteenth celebration and reflect on this historic event in our history. Let us reaffirm and rededicate ourselves to building a more perfect union.”

This image of Galveston and Bolivar Peninsula, separated by the Galveston Bay, were taken by the crew of the International Space Station as it orbited 262 miles above. In the image, Galveston Island is at right, Bolivar Peninsula at left, with the top of the picture being southeast.

Premiering on Juneteenth, Sunday, June 19, “The Color of Space” is a 50-minute inspirational documentary by NASA that tells the stories of Black Americans determined to reach the stars. It will be available to watch starting at noon EDT on NASA TV, the NASA app, NASA social media channels, and the agency’s website.

Image Credit: NASA


1865年6月19日,联邦军队发布了第3号总命令,标志着德克萨斯州和美国奴隶制的正式结束。

在那个星期一,德克萨斯州的非洲裔奴隶得知了他们的自由。解放的那一天被称为“六月节”,当时联邦军队在德克萨斯的加尔维斯顿宣布了《解放宣言》。

2021年6月17日,星期四,乔·拜登总统签署法律,将六月节定为联邦假日。

NASA局长比尔·纳尔逊在今年6月第十届劳动力大会上表示:

“去年,拜登总统签署了一项立法,将6月19日定为六月节全国独立日——联邦假日。今天,我们要反思奴隶制给我们国家带来的道德污点。我们反思几个世纪以来的种族不公正、不平等和斗争,不幸的是,它们今天仍然存在。

“还有更多的工作要做,这是我们大家都必须做的工作。我鼓励NASA大家庭的所有成员参加六月节的庆祝活动,反思我们历史上的这一历史性事件。让我们重申并再次致力于建立一个更完美的联盟。”

这张被加尔维斯顿湾隔开的加尔维斯顿和玻利瓦尔半岛的照片是由国际空间站的工作人员在距地面262英里的轨道上拍摄的。图中,加尔维斯顿岛位于右侧,玻利瓦尔半岛位于左侧,图上为东南方。

6月19日,星期日,《太空的颜色》首映,这是一部50分钟的励志纪录片,由NASA制作,讲述了美国黑人决心登上太空的故事。从美国东部时间中午开始,人们可以在NASA TV、NASA应用程序、NASA社交媒体频道和NASA网站上观看。

参考来源:NASA

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