Dr. Eugene N. Parker, visionary of heliophysics and namesake of NASA’s Parker Solar Probe, has passed away. He was 94.

As a young professor at the University of Chicago in the mid-1950s, Parker developed a mathematical theory that predicted the solar wind, the constant outflow of solar material from the Sun. Throughout his career, Parker revolutionized the field time and again, advancing ideas that addressed the fundamental questions about the workings of our Sun and stars throughout the universe.

In this image, Parker(center)visited the spacecraft that bears his name, NASA’s Parker Solar Probe, on Oct. 3, 2017. Engineers in the clean room at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, where the probe was designed and built point out the instruments that will collect data as the mission travels directly through the Sun’s atmosphere.

Image Credit: NASA/JHUAPL


尤金·N·帕克博士是太阳物理学的梦想家,与NASA帕克太阳探测器同名,现已去世,享年94岁。

作为20世纪50年代中期芝加哥大学的一位年轻教授,帕克发明了一种数学理论,它预测太阳风,即太阳物质从太阳中不断流出的现象。在他的职业生涯中,帕克一次又一次地革新了这个领域,提出了解决关于我们的太阳和整个宇宙中的恒星运行的基本问题的想法。

在这张照片中,帕克(中)于2017年10月3日参观了以他的名字命名的宇宙飞船,NASA的帕克太阳探测器。探测器制造于马里兰州劳雷尔市约翰·霍普金斯应用物理实验室的无尘室,工程师们指出了探测器直接穿过太阳大气层时收集数据的仪器。

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