In this undated image from the 1960s, Nancy Grace Roman sits in her office in NASA Headquarters. Roman was the first Chief of Astronomy at NASA’s Office of Space Science and the first woman to hold an executive position in the agency. In her role, she had oversight for the planning and development of programs including the Cosmic Background Explorer and the Hubble Space Telescope.

Dr. Roman received her doctorate in astronomy from the University of Chicago in 1949 and joined NASA in 1959. She finished her NASA career at Goddard Space Flight Center where she served as the manager of the Astronomical Data Center. After retiring from NASA in 1979, she continued working as a contractor at Goddard. Throughout her career, Dr. Roman has been a spokesperson and advocate of women in the sciences.

So influential was Dr. Roman that “next-generation observatory that will answer pressing cosmic questions” was renamed in her honor. Learn more about the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope (formerly known as WFIRST, the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope).

Resources

Video: Hubble’s 25th Anniversary – Dr. Roman reflects on the importance of building and launching a space telescope
Women at NASA: Nancy Grace Roman
Interview: NASA Headquarters Oral History Project

#WomensHistoryMonth

Image Credit: NASA


在这张20世纪60年代未注明日期的照片中,南希·格雷斯·罗曼坐在NASA总部的办公室里。罗曼是美国宇航局空间科学办公室的首位天文学主任,也是该机构第一位担任行政职务的女性。在她的职位上,她负责宇宙背景探测器和哈勃太空望远镜等项目的规划和开发。

罗曼博士于1949年获得芝加哥大学天文学博士学位,并于1959年加入美国宇航局。她在戈达德太空飞行中心结束了她的NASA生涯,在那里她担任天文数据中心的经理。1979年从NASA退休后,她继续作为承包商在戈达德工作。在她的整个职业生涯中,罗曼博士一直是女性在科学领域的发言人和倡导者。

罗曼博士的影响力如此之大,以至于为了纪念她,“将回答紧迫宇宙问题的下一代天文台”以她的名字重新命名。进一步了解南希·格雷斯·罗曼太空望远镜(原名WFIRST,广域红外巡天望远镜)。

资源

视频:哈勃25周年纪念——罗曼博士反思建造和发射太空望远镜的重要性
NASA的女性:南希·格雷斯·罗曼
采访:NASA总部口述历史项目

#妇女历史月

图片来源:NASA

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