Astronomers continue to develop computer simulations to help future observatories better home in on black holes, the most elusive inhabitants of the universe.

Though black holes likely exist abundantly in the universe, they are notoriously hard to see. Scientists did not capture the first radio image of a black hole until 2019, and only about four dozen black hole mergers have been detected through their signature gravitational ripples since the first detection in 2015.

So scientists look to black hole simulations to gain crucial insight that will help find more mergers with future missions. Some of these simulations, created by scientists like astrophysicist Scott Noble, track supermassive black hole binary systems. That is where two monster black holes like those found in the centers of galaxies orbit closely around each other until they eventually merge.

This visualization of supercomputer data shows the X-ray glow of the inner accretion disc of a black hole.

View additional images and video at our Scientific Visualization Studio.

Image Credit: NASA Goddard/Jeremy Schnittman/Scott Noble



因此,科学家们希望通过黑洞模拟来获得重要的洞察力,这将有助于在未来的任务中找到更多的合并。其中一些模拟是由天体物理学家斯科特·诺布尔(Scott Noble)等科学家创建,用于追踪超大质量黑洞双星系统。在那里,两个类似于星系中心发现的巨型黑洞紧密地围绕彼此运行,直到它们最终合并。



图片来源:NASA Goddard/Jeremy Schnittman/Scott Noble

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