Mary W. Jackson, NASA’s first black female engineer, was born April 9, 1921. Jackson earned degrees in mathematics and physical sciences in 1942. She landed a job at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory’s segregated West Area Computing section in 1951, reporting to the group’s supervisor Dorothy Vaughan and eventually working alongside Katherine Johnson. The trio were the subject of the 2016 feature film, Hidden Figures, which detailed their legendary careers and the contributions they made to America’s space program despite racism and segregation.

Jackson worked tirelessly throughout her career to promote the rights of women and people of color. Among her many accolades were the receipt of a the highest civilian award in the country, the Congressional Gold Medal and the renaming of the NASA Headquarters building in her honor.

In this photograph taken Nov. 8,1984, Jackson (second from left) meets with colleagues at Langley during the Student Symposium Meeting. From left to right are Vivian Merritt, Office of Equal Opportunity Programs; Jackson, who at the time was manger of the Federal Woman’s Program; guest speaker James Jennings; and Katherine Johnson, then working in the Flight Dynamics and Control Division.

VIDEO:
In the Midst of Segregation, She Persevered Remembering Mary W. Jackson on her 100th Birthday

NASA Headquarters Unveils New Name: Mary W. Jackson Headquarters Building

Image Credit: NASA


玛丽·W·杰克逊(Mary W. Jackson),美国国家航空航天局(NASA)第一位黑人女工程师,生于1921年4月9日。杰克逊于1942年获得数学和物理科学学位。1951年,她在兰利纪念航空实验室隔离西区计算部门工作,向该组的主管萝西·沃恩(Dorothy Vaughan)汇报,最终与凯瑟琳·约翰逊(Katherine Johnson)一起工作。这三人是2016年故事片《隐藏的人物》的主题,该片详细介绍了他们的传奇生涯,以及他们在种族主义和种族隔离的情况下对美国太空计划做出的贡献。

杰克逊在整个职业生涯中孜孜不倦地致力于促进妇女和有色人种的权利。在她的许多荣誉中,她获得了美国最高的平民奖——国会金奖,并以她的名字重新命名了NASA总部楼。

在这张1984年11月8日拍摄的照片中,杰克逊(左二)在兰利的学生座谈会上与同事们见面。从左到右分别是平等机会项目办公室的薇薇安·梅里特(Vivian Merritt)、当时担任联邦妇女项目的负责人的杰克逊、特邀演讲者詹姆斯·詹宁斯(James Jennings)和当时在飞行动力学和控制部工作的凯瑟琳·约翰逊(Katherine Johnson)。

视频

在隔离状态下,她坚持在玛丽·W·杰克逊(Mary W. Jackson) 100岁生日那天缅怀她

NASA总部揭幕新名称:玛丽·W·杰克逊总部大楼

图片来源:NASA

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