2022年7月31日

这张特色图片显示了一个明亮的中心,周围环绕着黑暗的尘埃带和一圈明亮的蓝色恒星。请参阅说明以获取更多详细信息。

Starburst Galaxy M94 from Hubble
Image Credit:
ESA/Hubble & NASA

Explanation: Why does this galaxy have a ring of bright blue stars? Beautiful island universe Messier 94 lies a mere 15 million light-years distant in the northern constellation of the Hunting Dogs (Canes Venatici). A popular target for Earth-based astronomers, the face-on spiral galaxy is about 30,000 light-years across, with spiral arms sweeping through the outskirts of its broad disk. But this Hubble Space Telescope field of view spans about 7,000 light-years across M94’s central region. The featured close-up highlights the galaxy’s compact, bright nucleus, prominent inner dust lanes, and the remarkable bluish ring of young massive stars. The ring stars are all likely less than 10 million years old, indicating that M94 is a starburst galaxy that is experiencing an epoch of rapid star formation from inspiraling gas. The circular ripple of blue stars is likely a wave propagating outward, having been triggered by the gravity and rotation of a oval matter distributions. Because M94 is relatively nearby, astronomers can better explore details of its starburst ring.

Tomorrow’s picture: space mountain


哈勃望远镜的星暴星系M94
影像提供:
ESA/Hubble & NASA

说明: 为何这个星系有个泛蓝的亮星环?美丽的螺旋星系M94,座落在北天的猎犬座方向,约只有1千5百万光年远之处。这个宽约30,000光年,有螺旋臂扫过其宽广星系盘外围的正向星系,是地球天文学家经常观测的标的之一。不过这幅哈勃太空望远镜影像,只涵盖M94中心约7,000光年的区域。这幅特写主题影像,突显这个星系致密明亮的星系核、鲜明的内尘埃带、与年轻大质量恒星聚成的精采泛蓝恒星环。这个恒星的年龄可能全都少于1千万年的星环,见证了M94是个正经历狂暴恒星诞生期的星暴星系。而呈环状分布的泛蓝群星,可能是椭圆状核心棒的重力和转动所触发、向外传播的涟漪波前。由于M94相对邻近,天文学家得以能仔细探索它星暴环的详细结构。

明日的图片: space mountain

4 3 投票数
文章评级
Tags:
0 评论
内联反馈
查看所有评论